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Grammar: Conjunctions

  1. Basic
  2. Contrast
  3. Reason
  4. Case
  5. Time

Basic

and, with (nouns)
gēn 话and, with (nouns)
文and, with (nouns)
又…又…yòu ... yòu ...and (verbs, adjectives)
或者huòzhěor, and ... respectively
还是還是háishìeither ... or ...
还有還有háiyǒuin addition, furthermore
另外lìngwàiin addition, furthermore
除了chúlebesides, except
不是……而是……búshì ... ěrshì ...not ... but ...
不但……而且……búdàn ... ěrqiě ...not only ... but also ...
不仅……也……不僅……也……bùjǐn ... yě ...not only ... but also ...
既……又……jì ... yòu ...... as well as ...
既不……也不……jì bù ... yě bù ...neither ... nor ...

Contrast

虽然雖然suīránalthough, even though
但是dànshìbut, however
可是kěshì 话but, however
不过不過búguòonly, but, anyway

Sentence pattern:

……,但是……..., dànshì ...
……,可是……..., kěshì ...
虽然……,但是……雖然……,但是……suīrán ..., dànshì ...

Reason

为了為了wèilein order to
因为因為yīnwèibecause, because of
由于由於yóuyú 文because, because of
所以suǒyǐtherefore, so
因此yīncǐtherefore, thus

Sentence pattern:

因为……,……因為……,……yīnwéi ..., ...
因为……,所以……因為……,所以……yīnwéi ..., suǒyǐ ...
……,所以……..., suǒyǐ ...

Case

如果rúguǒif
要是yàoshì 话if
是否shìfǒuwhether
then, in that case
否则否則fǒuzéotherwise, else
要不yàobùotherwise, else
……的话……的話de huà(subjunctive mood)

Sentence pattern:

如果……的话,…如果……的話,…rúguǒ ... (de huà), ... (jiù) ...
要是……的话,…要是……的話,…yàoshì ... (de huà), ... (jiù) ...

Time

……的时候……的時候... de shíhouwhen, while
一边……一边……一邊……一邊yìbiān ... yìbiān ...... while ...
(two actions at the same time)
一……就……yī ... jiù ...as soon as (once) ..., ...