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Words: Family

jiāfamily, home
家人jiārénfamily member
亲戚qīnqīrelative
  1. Basic family
  2. Extended family
  3. Relatives in law
  4. Attachment

Basic family

FormalInformal
祖父母zǔfùmǔ ​ grandparents (paternal)
祖父zǔfù爷爷yéyegrandfather (paternal)
祖母zǔmǔ奶奶nǎinaigrandmother (paternal)
外祖父母wàizǔfùmǔ ​ grandparents (maternal)
外祖父wàizǔfù老爷lǎoye [N]grandfather (maternal)
外祖父wàizǔfù外公wàigōnggrandfather (maternal)
外祖母wàizǔmǔ姥姥lǎolao [N]grandmother (maternal)
外祖母wàizǔmǔ外婆wàipógrandmother (maternal)
父母fùmǔ ​ parents
父亲fùqīn爸爸bàbafather, dad
母亲mǔqīn妈妈māmamother, mum
丈夫zhàngfu老公lǎogōnghusband
丈夫zhàngfu先生xiānshenghusband
妻子qīzi老婆lǎopówife
妻子qīzi太太tàitaiwife
兄弟xiōngdìbrothers
哥哥gēgeelder brother
弟弟dìdiyounger brother
姐妹jiěmèisisters
姐姐jiějieelder sister
妹妹mèimeiyounger sister
孩子háizichild
儿子érzison
女儿nǚ'érdaughter
孙子sūnzigrandchild, grandson
孙女sūnnǚgranddaughter

Extended family

伯伯bóbouncle (father's elder brother)
叔叔shūshuuncle (father's younger brother)
姑姑gūguaunt (father's sister)
舅舅jiùjiuuncle (mother's brother)
姨妈yímāaunt (mother's elder sister)
阿姨āyíaunt (mother's younger sister)
堂哥tánggēcousin (paternal, male, elder)
堂弟tángdìcousin (paternal, male, younger)
堂姐tángjiěcousin (paternal, female, elder)
堂妹tángmèicousin (paternal, female, younger)
表哥biǎogēcousin (maternal, male, elder)
表弟biǎodìcousin (maternal, male, younger)
表姐biǎojiěcousin (paternal, female, elder)
表妹biǎomèicousin (paternal, female, younger)
侄子zhízinephew (brother's son)
侄女zhínǚniece (brother's daughter)
外甥wàishēngnephew (sister's son)
外甥女wàishēngnǚniece (sister's daughter)

Relatives in law

公婆gōngpó husband's parents
公公gōnggong husband's father
婆婆pópo husband's mother
岳父母 yuèfùmǔ wife's parents
岳父 yuèfù wife's father
岳母 yuèmǔ wife's mother
大伯dàbóhusband's elder brother
小叔xiǎoshūhusband's younger brother
大姑dàgūhusband's elder sister
小姑xiǎogūhusband's younger sister
大舅dàjiǔwife's elder brother
小舅xiǎojiǔwife's younger brother
大姨dàyíwife's elder sister
小姨xiǎoyíwife's younger sister
嫂子sǎozielder brother's wife
弟妇dìfùyounger brother's wife
姐夫jiěfuelder sister's husband
妹夫mèifuyounger sister's husband
媳妇xífùson's wife
女婿nǚxudaughter's husband

Attachment