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Words: Family

jia¹family, home
家人jia¹ ren²family member
亲戚qin¹ qi¹relative
  1. Basic family
  2. Extended family
  3. Relatives in law
  4. Attachment

Basic family

FormalInformal
祖父母zu³ fu⁴ mu³  grandparents (paternal)
祖父zu³ fu⁴爷爷ye² yegrandfather (paternal)
祖母zu³ mu³奶奶nai³ naigrandmother (paternal)
外祖父母wai⁴ zu³ fu⁴ mu³  grandparents (maternal)
外祖父wai⁴ zu³ fu⁴老爷lao³ ye [N]grandfather (maternal)
外祖父wai⁴ zu³ fu⁴外公wai⁴ gong¹grandfather (maternal)
外祖母wai⁴ zu³ mu³姥姥lao³ lao [N]grandmother (maternal)
外祖母wai⁴ zu³ mu³外婆wai⁴ po²grandmother (maternal)
父母fu⁴ mu³  parents
父亲fu⁴ qin¹爸爸ba⁴ bafather, dad
母亲mu³ qin¹妈妈ma¹ mamother, mum
丈夫zhang⁴ fu老公lao³ gong¹husband
丈夫zhang⁴ fu先生xian¹ shenghusband
妻子qi¹ zi老婆lao³ po²wife
妻子qi¹ zi太太tai⁴ taiwife
兄弟xiong¹ di⁴brothers
哥哥ge¹ geelder brother
弟弟di⁴ diyounger brother
姐妹jie³ mei⁴sisters
姐姐jie³ jieelder sister
妹妹mei⁴ meiyounger sister
孩子hai² zichild
儿子er² zison
女儿nü³ er²daughter
孙子sun¹ zigrandchild, grandson
孙女sun¹nü³granddaughter

Extended family

伯伯bo² bouncle (father's elder brother)
叔叔shu¹ shuuncle (father's younger brother)
姑姑gu¹ guaunt (father's sister)
舅舅jiu⁴ jiuuncle (mother's brother)
姨妈yi² ma¹aunt (mother's elder sister)
阿姨a¹ yi²aunt (mother's younger sister)
堂哥tang² ge¹cousin (paternal, male, elder)
堂弟tang² di⁴cousin (paternal, male, younger)
堂姐tang² jie³cousin (paternal, female, elder)
堂妹tang² mei⁴cousin (paternal, female, younger)
表哥biao³ ge¹cousin (maternal, male, elder)
表弟biao³ di⁴cousin (maternal, male, younger)
表姐biao³ jie³cousin (paternal, female, elder)
表妹biao³ mei⁴cousin (paternal, female, younger)
侄子zhi² zinephew (brother's son)
侄女zhin²ü³niece (brother's daughter)
外甥wai⁴ sheng¹nephew (sister's son)
外甥女wai⁴ shengn¹ü³niece (sister's daughter)

Relatives in law

公婆gong¹ po² husband's parents
公公gong¹ gong husband's father
婆婆po² po husband's mother
岳父母 yue⁴ fu⁴ mu³ wife's parents
岳父 yue⁴ fu⁴ wife's father
岳母 yue⁴ mu³ wife's mother
大伯da⁴ bo²husband's elder brother
小叔xiao³ shu¹husband's younger brother
大姑da⁴ gu¹husband's elder sister
小姑xiao³ gu¹husband's younger sister
大舅da⁴ jiu³wife's elder brother
小舅xiao³ jiu³wife's younger brother
大姨da⁴ yi²wife's elder sister
小姨xiao³ yi²wife's younger sister
嫂子sao³ zielder brother's wife
弟妇di⁴ fu⁴younger brother's wife
姐夫jie³ fuelder sister's husband
妹夫mei⁴ fuyounger sister's husband
媳妇xi² fu⁴son's wife
女婿nü³ xudaughter's husband

Attachment