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Grammar: Location

  1. Pronouns
  2. Coverbs
  3. Postpositions

Pronouns

哪里哪裡nǎlǐwhere
哪儿哪兒nǎr [N]where
这里這裡zhèlǐhere
这儿這兒zhèr [N]here
那里那裡nàlǐthere
那儿那兒nàr [N]there
到处到處dàochùeverywhere

Coverbs

Place

zàito be located at
离…近離…近lí ... jìnto be close to ...
离…远離…遠lí ... yuǎnto be far away from ...

Direction

PrepositionVerb
cóngfrom
dàototo arrive
cháotowardsto face
wǎngtowardsto go
xiàngtowardsto turn towards
经过經過jīngguòvia, throughto pass
通过通過tōngguòvia, throughto pass

Postpositions

Basic postpositions
1
2
in, inside
nèiinside
wàioutside
shàngon, over, on top
xiàunder, at the bottom
duìopposite to
qiánin front of, in the front
hòubehind, on the back
pángnext to, on the side
zuǒleft to, on the left side
yòuright to, on the right side
zhèon this side, here
on the other side, there
dōngon the east to, east side
nánon the south to, south side
西on the west to, west side
běion the north to, north side
Suffixes
none…面…边…邊
~mian~biān
×××
×××
×××
×××
×××
×
××
××
×
××
××
××
××
××
××
××
××

附近fùjìnnear, nearby
zhōng(jiān)in the middle/center
…和…之间…和…之間... hé ... zhījiān between ... and ...
…和…中间…和…中間... hé ... zhōngjiān between ... and ...