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Grammar: Location

  1. Pronouns
  2. Coverbs
  3. Postpositions

Pronouns

哪里na³ li³where
哪儿nar³ [N]where
这里zhe⁴ li³here
这儿zher⁴ [N]here
那里na⁴ li³there
那儿nar⁴ [N]there
到处dao⁴ chu⁴everywhere

Coverbs

Place

zai⁴to be located at
离…近li² ... jin⁴to be close to ...
离…远li² ... yuan³to be far away from ...

Direction

PrepositionVerb
cong²from
dao⁴toto arrive
chao²towardsto face
wang³towardsto go
xiang⁴towardsto turn towards
经过jing¹ guo⁴via, throughto pass
通过tong¹ guo⁴via, throughto pass

Postpositions

Basic postpositions
1
2
li³in, inside
nei⁴inside
wai⁴outside
shang⁴on, over, on top
xia⁴under, at the bottom
dui⁴opposite to
qian²in front of, in the front
hou⁴behind, on the back
pang²next to, on the side
zuo³left to, on the left side
you⁴right to, on the right side
zhe⁴on this side, here
na⁴on the other side, there
dong¹on the east to, east side
nan²on the south to, south side
西xi¹on the west to, west side
bei³on the north to, north side
Suffixes
none…面…边
~mian~biān
×××
×××
×××
×××
×××
×
××
××
×
××
××
××
××
××
××
××
××

附近fu⁴ jin⁴near, nearby
zhong¹ (jian¹)in the middle/center
…和…之间... he² ... zhi¹ jian¹ between ... and ...
…和…中间... he² ... zhong¹ jian¹ between ... and ...