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Grammar: Location

  1. Pronouns
  2. Coverbs
  3. Postpositions

Pronouns

哪里ㄋㄚˇ ㄌㄧˇwhere
哪儿ㄋㄚㄦˇ [N]where
这里ㄓㄜˋ ㄌㄧˇhere
这儿ㄓㄜㄦˋ [N]here
那里ㄋㄚˋ ㄌㄧˇthere
那儿ㄋㄚㄦˋ [N]there
到处ㄉㄠˋ ㄔㄨˋeverywhere

Coverbs

Place

ㄗㄞˋto be located at
离…近ㄌㄧˊ ... ㄐㄧㄣˋto be close to ...
离…远ㄌㄧˊ ... ㄩㄢˇto be far away from ...

Direction

PrepositionVerb
ㄘㄨㄥˊfrom
ㄉㄠˋtoto arrive
ㄔㄠˊtowardsto face
ㄨㄤˇtowardsto go
ㄒㄧㄤˋtowardsto turn towards
经过ㄐㄧㄥ  ㄍㄨㄛˋvia, throughto pass
通过ㄊㄨㄥ  ㄍㄨㄛˋvia, throughto pass

Postpositions

Basic postpositions
1
2
ㄌㄧˇin, inside
ㄋㄟˋinside
ㄨㄞˋoutside
ㄕㄤˋon, over, on top
ㄒㄧㄚˋunder, at the bottom
ㄉㄨㄟˋopposite to
ㄑㄧㄢˊin front of, in the front
ㄏㄡˋbehind, on the back
ㄆㄤˊnext to, on the side
ㄗㄨㄛˇleft to, on the left side
ㄧㄡˋright to, on the right side
ㄓㄜˋon this side, here
ㄋㄚˋon the other side, there
ㄉㄨㄥ on the east to, east side
ㄋㄢˊon the south to, south side
西ㄒㄧ on the west to, west side
ㄅㄟˇon the north to, north side
Suffixes
none…面…边
~mian~biān
×××
×××
×××
×××
×××
×
××
××
×
××
××
××
××
××
××
××
××

附近ㄈㄨˋ ㄐㄧㄣˋnear, nearby
ㄓㄨㄥ  (ㄐㄧㄢ )in the middle/center
…和…之间... ㄏㄜˊ ... ㄓ  ㄐㄧㄢ between ... and ...
…和…中间... ㄏㄜˊ ... ㄓㄨㄥ  ㄐㄧㄢ between ... and ...