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Grammar: Pronouns

  1. Personal pronouns
  2. Possessive pronouns
  3. Demonstratives
  4. Interrogatives
  5. Indefinite pronouns

Personal pronouns

Singular Plural
Simp. Trad. Simp. Trad.
I 我们 我們 wǒmen we
咱们 咱們 zánmen we
(you and me)
you 你们 你們 nǐmen you
you
(female)
nín you
(formal)
he 他们 他們 tāmen they
she 她们 她們 they
(female)
it
(animals)
它们 牠們 they
(animals)
it
(things)
它們 they
(things)

Regional variants

ǎn 官
ǒu 官
沪 古
ěr 古
nóng 沪
台 古
粤 他/她/它
沪 台

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns are created by adding the attributive particle to the personal pronoun.

de(attributive particle)
de shūyour book
我们学校wǒmen de xuéxiàoour school

For close things and people (like relatives) the particle is omitted.

我家wǒ jiāmy family
她妈妈tā mamaher mother

Demonstratives

Proximal Distal
这个 zhège / zhèige this 那个 nàge / nèige that
这些 zhèxiē / zhèixiē these 那些 nàxiē / nèixiē those
这儿 zhèr here 那儿 nàr there
这里 zhèlǐ 那里 nàlǐ
这么 zhème so, like this, this way 那么 nàme like that, that way, then

Interrogatives


Indefinite pronouns