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Grammar: Pronouns

  1. Personal pronouns
  2. Possessive pronouns
  3. Demonstratives
  4. Interrogatives
  5. Indefinite pronouns

Personal pronouns

Singular Plural
Simp. Trad. Simp. Trad.
I 我们 我們 wǒmen we
咱们 咱們 zánmen we
(you and me)
you 你们 你們 nǐmen you
you
(female)
nín you
(formal)
he 他们 他們 tāmen they
she 她们 她們 they
(female)
it
(animals)
它们 牠們 they
(animals)
it
(things)
它們 they
(things)

Regional variants

ǎn 官
ǒu 官
沪 古
ěr 古你/妳
nóng 沪
台 古
粤 他/她/牠/它
沪 台

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns are created by adding the attributive particle to the personal pronoun.

de(attributive particle)
de shūyour book
我們學校wǒmen de xuéxiàoour school

For close things and people (like relatives) the particle is omitted.

我家wǒ jiāmy family
她媽媽tā mamaher mother

Demonstratives

Proximal Distal
這個 zhège / zhèige this 那個 nàge / nèige that
這些 zhèxiē / zhèixiē these 那些 nàxiē / nèixiē those
這兒 zhèr here 那兒 nàr there
這裡 zhèlǐ 那裡 nàlǐ
這麼 zhème so, like this, this way 那麼 nàme like that, that way, then

Interrogatives


Indefinite pronouns